Contents

13 CHRONOLOGY

13 The history of a global financial group

27 The Gulf States: A unique economy

37 BNP Paribas in the Gulf States and its contribution to the economy of the region

117 40 years of high-level relations

133 Five committed partnerships The Kingdom of Bahrain: Building solid foundations Kuwait: Strengthening ties and building lasting partnerships Qatar: Four decades of strategic partnerships The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Forging strong partnerships The United Arab Emirates: Four decades of economic partnerships

193 A Responsible Bank

207 ANNEXES

209 The Ottoman Bank

213 The Bank of Sharjah

215 BNP Paribas Fortis in the Middle East: Some historical background

225 BNP Paribas Middle East Awards

229 ARCHIVES & BIBLIOGRAPHY

231 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS